Damone is an Italian variation of draughts or checkers. It is unusual because it has three differently ranked pieces compared with other variants of draughts. The pieces are the Damone or Imperatore meaning "emperor", the Dama meaning "king", and the Pedine meaning "checker man".
Each player has eight pieces ranked from highest to lowest order: one Damone (I), two Damas (D) and five Pedine. A player’s pieces can only capture the opponent’s pieces of the same or lower rank. All the play takes place on the dark-colored squares. The players take turns starting from the initial arrangement of pieces shown in Figure 1. The pieces can move diagonally onto an adjacent vacant square.
The Damone and the Damas can move forwards, backwards and sideways diagonally one square. The Pedine are restricted to moving forwards diagonally one square towards the initial corner position of the opposing Damone, as well as sideways diagonally one square as shown in Figure 2.
A piece may capture an opponent’s piece by jumping over it onto a vacant square immediately beyond it (short leap). The captured piece is removed from the board. A Pedine may only capture by a short leap in the forward or sideways direction. The Damone and Dama may capture by a short leap in any direction. If a player is able to capture an opponent’s piece he must do so. A piece can capture multiple pieces in one turn (Figure 3) and this must be done if possible.
If more than one capture path is possible then the path that captures the most pieces must be taken. If multiple capture paths have equal number of captures, then the path available to the highest rank capturing piece must be taken. If there are multiple equal length capture paths available to capturing pieces of the same rank then the path having the highest ranked piece must be taken.
If there are multiple equal length capture paths available to capturing pieces of the same rank and they have the same highest ranked piece, then the path that contains the most number of the highest ranked pieces must be taken. For example if a Damone has path A containing one Damone and two Damas, and path B containing one Damone, one Dama, and one Pedine, then path A must be taken. If a decision cannot be made yet based on these multiple capture path rules, the player is free to choose any one of the available paths.
A Pedine is promoted to a Dama when it lands on the two squares initially occupied by the other player’s Damas. A Dama is promoted to a Damone when it lands on the square initially occupied by the other player’s Damone.