Ludo (from the Latin "I play") is a two, three or four player board game adapted from the Indian game Pachisi and introduced in England in 1896.


The game is played with one die. Each player has four pieces of the same color, red, yellow, blue or green. The goal of a player is to move all four of his pieces around the board from their home square along a track in a clockwise direction to the central square before his opponents. The track to be followed by the red player is shown in Figure 1.

Ludo board
Figure 1: Ludo board

The players take turns to throw a single die to determine the number of spaces to move their pieces. Only one piece may be moved at a time. A roll of 6 allows the player to leave the home square and move out onto the first colored space on the track. If a player has several pieces on the track he can move any one of them. If the player rolls a 6 he gets an extra turn. A piece may not land on a square that already contains a piece of the same color. Either another piece must be moved or the turn is forfeited.

A piece may capture an opponent’s piece by landing on the same space as that piece. The captured piece is sent back to its home square. A piece may be captured if it is on the first colored square belonging to an opponent and the opponent has rolled a 6 and leaves the home square.

The central square may only be reached after moving the exact number on the die. If the remaining squares are less than that number the move cannot be made.

The first player to move all four of his pieces to the central square before his opponents wins.